参考词汇：春节the Spring Festival 放烟火set off fireworks
In your last letter, you asked me about the Spring Festival. As is known to all，it has been enjoying great popularity in our country（众所周知，它在我国一直很受欢迎。）.
Usually, no matter how far away or how busy we are, we will try to come home for the celebration（通常，不管我们有多远，有多忙，我们都会回家庆祝。）. On the eve of the Spring Festival（在春节前夕）, all the family members get together（所有的家庭成员聚在一起）, making dumplings and having a feast. Children have great fun in setting off fireworks. Parents take their kids to pay a visit to relatives or friends（拜访亲戚或朋友）. In addition to these traditional activities, people have found new ways to celebrate it such as traveling and sending best wishes through WeChat（除了这些传统活动，人们还发现了新的方式来庆祝它，比如旅游和通过微信发送祝福。）.
Hopefully, you will come to China to experience it. Looking forward to your early reply.
I'm glad to know that you are learning Chinese language and culture（我很高兴知道你正在学习中国语言和文化）. In your e-mail you said that you wanted to know something about my family spirit.
Well, there are many good qualities that have been passed on from generation to generation in my family（我们家有许多优良的品质是代代相传的。）. My parents always lay emphasis on the importance of honesty, bravery, perseverance and diligence and they have set good examples for （为......树立好榜样）me and my brother.
My family spirit has a profound influence on me. I’m always friendly to others and ready to help others. I always cheer myself up and never stop chasing my goal even though I meet with difficulties. Owing to those good qualities, I have made great achievements in my study and life（由于这些良好的品质，我在我的学习和生活中取得了巨大的成就。）.
假如你是李华，你的美国网友Peter参加中国象棋网络挑战赛（the Chinese Chess Network Challenge）获得了一等奖。请根据以下提示写一封英文电子邮件向他表示祝贺。
I am writing to offer my sincere congratulations to you （我写这封信是为了向你表示真诚的祝贺） on your winning the first prize in the Chinese Chess Network Challenge. As your friend, I just want you to know how glad I am at your success（作为你的朋友，我只想让你知道我为你的成功感到多么高兴。）.
“Everything comes to him who waits（功夫不负有心人）.” For these years, you’ve shown great interest in（这些年来，你对......表现出了极大的兴趣） Chinese chess and kept on practicing it every day（每天都坚持练习。）. Not only have you read many books about Chinese chess strategy, but also you have competed in all kinds of Chinses chess contests（Not only+句子用半倒装，but also+句子用正常语序）. Finally, you succeeded in winning （你终于赢了......）the online competition!
So I’m so happy that you become champion of（我很高兴你成为...的冠军） this network challenge. At last, I hope to play Chinese chess with you so that we can make progress together. Please tell me when you have time.
3. 餐桌礼仪。（请牢记，让年长的人the senior，先吃be served first。）
I am writing this letter to formally response to your former letter inquiring about local customs in China. And from my perspective, in order to help you behave decently, the following suggestions are supposed to be followed（下面的建议应该被采纳）.
First and for most, you are supposed to arrive a bit earlier. Thus, you can join your friend’s families to prepare the dinner – you needn’t do anything, and just being with them is fair enough. Furthermore, it is advisable for you to bring some small gifts, like a book. Last but not least, please do remember that let the senior be served first.
Hopefully, you can enjoy your meal with your Chinese friend and his family. And please feel free to contact me, if you have any further questions（如果您有任何问题，请随时与我联系。）.
I am glad to hear that you are eager to improve your Chinese and know more about Chinese culture（听说你渴望提高汉语水平，了解中国文化，我很高兴。）. It’s my pleasure to recommend some resources to you（我很高兴向您推荐一些资源。）.
Reading some popular newspapers and magazines, is the first choice, from which you can get lots of information about Chinese customs（从中你可以得到关于中国风俗的很多信息）. Besides, there are other ways to experience the Chinese language and culture on the Internet, on TV or with some apps（通过互联网、电视或一些应用程序，还有其他方式体验中国语言和文化。）. The interesting news and stories in these resources are so amazing that you will never feel bored. I am sure you can benefit a lot from them（我相信你会从中受益良多。）.
I sincerely hope that you can make great progress in learning Chinese and have a better understanding of Chinese culture.
为弘扬中国传统文化，学生会将举行"诗歌朗诵大赛"（Poetry Recitation Contest），邀请学校国际部学生参加。请你根据提示写一则通知．内容要点包括：
3. 朗诵内容：唐诗宋词（Tang and Song poetry）。
Aiming to promote traditional Chinese culture, the Student Union is to hold Poetry Recitation Contest.
There is no doubt that（毫无疑问的是……） reading poetry reflects on the appreciation of beauty in ancient literature. As scheduled, the contest is supposed to launch on June 6th，2022 at the school Lecture Hall. Students from international department are expected to take part. Additionally, it is recommended that you should prepare（建议你做好......的准备） Tang and Song poetry. Not only can the contest cultivate the habit of reading classic works but also arouse the interest in （激发......的兴趣）traditional Chinese literature.
Hopefully, you will benefit a lot and be immersed in the world of fascinating poetry. Your participation will surely make a difference（有影响，有关系）.
The Students’ Union
I'm glad to hear from you. And now I’m very happy to share something about Chinese tea culture（我很高兴分享一些关于中国茶文化的内容。） in reply to your last e-mail.
Chinese tea culture started about 4,000 years ago and drinking tea gradually became an amazing tradition（中国的茶文化始于大约4000年前，饮茶逐渐成为一种令人惊叹的传统。）. In China, people drink tea almost everywhere and in most of their spare time. Some Chinese believe that tea benefits people’s health a lot. Drinking a cup of tea makes people relaxed and refreshed. Others treat guests or friends to tea drinking in social communication.
Probably, you’ve got a general picture of tea culture after my introduction. Then, how about coming to China to experience it yourself（来中国亲身体验一下怎么样?）? Maybe, you will fall in love with it.
词汇：弘扬雷锋精神 carry forward the Spirit of Lei Feng
敬老院 nursing home 学雷锋日 Learn from Lei Feng Day
I’m more than delighted to inform you of a meaningful activity （我非常高兴地通知你一个有意义的活动）in a nursing home held on March 5th, which is called “Learn from Lei Feng Day”, to carry forward the Spirit of Lei Feng.
A variety of significant activities were arranged as follows: （活动安排如下:）when we got there, we visited the elderly in their rooms in groups, presenting them with flowers and self-made cards to show our sincere love and respect, after which we did some cleaning and washing for them. Besides, we chatted with them about their old days, or anything they are interested in. Some vivid performances such as singing and dancing were also given to them, making them full of delight.
It was through this activity that we fully realized that the awareness of respecting the old should be raised（应该提高人们的尊老意识。）. I hope we can have more activities of this kind（我希望我们能有更多这样的活动!）!
参考词汇：肢体语言 body language
How is everything going? I’m glad to learn that you’re going to China this winter（听说你今年冬天要来中国，我很高兴。）. You say you’re worried about your Chinese if you are in China. Now let me give you some advice（现在让我给你一些建议）.
First, you should be brave and confident to speak Chinese when you communicate with others. We Chinese are very friendly, so you don’t be afraid to make any mistakes. Second, speak Chinese slowly and clearly when you talk to others. In this way, you can make yourself understood easily. Finally, you can use pictures or drawings and body language. As you know, most of body language is in common in the world. I hope these suggestions will help you（我希望这些建议能对你有所帮助。）.
1. 减少污染，保护环境；2. 方便回收。
1. 垃圾量大，分类困难；2. 不清楚如何分类。
1. …… 2. ……（至少两点）
注意：1. 词数100左右，开头和结尾已写好，不计入总词数；2. 可以适当发挥，以使行文连贯；3. 作文中不得提及考生所在学校和本人姓名。参考词汇： 回收 recycle
Ladies and gentlemen,
Recently our class have had a discussion about （最近我们班有一个关于......的讨论）sorting waste. Opinions differ among us（我们意见不一。）. Most of the students consider waste sorting should be carried out immediately across the county. It is a good way to reduce pollution and protect the environment（ 这是减少污染和保护环境的好方法）, thus creating a better place to live in. In addition, this practice makes it easier to recycle waste. However, others believe there is no need to do （没有必要去做）so. With the amount of waste growing sharply, there is great trouble in sorting waste. Besides, some find it difficult to sort waste in a correct way.
As far as I'm concerned（就我看来 ）, sorting waste is good for both nature and human beings（垃圾分类对自然和人类都有好处。）. It not only saves energy but also turns waste into wealth（它不仅节省能源，而且也能把浪费变成财富。）. Every one of us should be aware of the importance of sorting waste（我们每个人都应该意识到垃圾分类的重要性。）.
That’s all. Thank you!
Recently, students in our class have had a discussion on whether （最近，我们班的学生进行了一次关于是否......的讨论。）space is worth exploring.
30% of us think space exploration is not worthwhile. They think space is too far away from us and our daily life. And the money spent on space exploration can be used to solve the earth’s problems such as starvation and pollution.
On the other hand, 70% think space is worth exploring（ be worth doing 值得做......） because we have benefited a lot from（benefit from从...中受益） it, such as using satellites for communication and weather forecast. What’s more, with further space research, we may solve the population problem by moving to other planets one day. Also, space research will enable us to find new sources to solve the problem of energy shortages on the earth.
前不久，你校学生一同观看了我国神州十二号飞船发射直播，大家很受鼓舞。为使学生了解更多的航天知识，你校决定举行一次关于航天科学（Space Science）的讲座，假设你是国际学校的学生会主席李华，请用英语写一则书面通知，内容包括：1. 讲座的时间、地点；2. 讲座的目的及内容；3. 希望同学们踊跃参加。注意：1. 词数100左右；2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。
In order to let （in order to do为了做（表目的））students learn more about Space Science, a lecture about it will be held in the school hall at 2 o’clock this Friday afternoon and will last two hours（A lecture will be held+地点+时间and will last...讲座将于什么时间什么地点举行，持续多长时间。）.
The lecture mainly involves two parts, the first of which is a brief introduction of our recent launch. The second part will be given by the same experts and will be about the scientific benefits of space flight. It will be given in such a way that you will easily understand it. You will learn a lot and have a better understanding of（你会学到很多，对......有更好的理解。）space.
Everyone who is interested in the lecture is welcome.（欢迎所有对这个讲座感兴趣的人。）
The Students’ Union
As we all know（众所周知）, the time of 5G technology is coming. Future of computer science lies in the artificial intelligence，it is the research and artificial simulation of human thought and eventually be able to make machines think like humans, for human services and to help people solve problems.
After all, people thought it was unique, there are feelings, there are a variety of character, this will be very difficult to achieve in the machine. In fact, to do the same as the human thinking machine, the only one of the artificial intelligence, is by no means all. Through the study of artificial intelligence, it can resolve all kinds of scientific problems, promote the development of other science and will have a great impact on all people's lives.
I believe that the science of artificial intelligence is waiting for humanity to explore it step by step（逐步地）.
注意：1. 参考词汇：厉行节俭，反对浪费 practice strict economy and combat waste
I'm here to call on everyone to pay attention to the phenomenon of food waste（我在这里呼吁大家关注食物浪费的现象。）. As President Xi advocates, it is supposed to be a new fashion for all Chinese people to practice strict economy and combat waste. We must bear it in mind that （我们必须记住这一点......）food is a precious resource on our planet and wasting food goes against the basic moral principles.
It’s high time that we took action now（现在是我们采取行动的时候了。）. When we have dinner out in a restaurant, please remember to order appropriately, and try to eat up. It's recommended to promote food saving actions on social media. Launch some campaigns to remind customers about the portion size of the dishes.
So, don’t hesitate to join us. Small actions make a big difference.（所以，不要犹豫加入我们。小的行动会带来大的改变。）
假如你是李华Li Hua，你的英国朋友Peter给你发来微信，想了解一下你的家乡自“十九大(the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China)”以来所发生的变化，请你用英文给他回复。
内容如下：1.精准扶贫(targeted poverty reduction)，效果良好；2.环境保护得到了明显改善。
I'm glad that you are caring about the development of my hometown. Now I will tell you something about it.
Great changes have taken place in my hometown since（从......以来，我的家乡发生了巨大的变化。） the19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. The targeted poverty reduction has reached its ideal aims. Many poor families have got effective help from local government and have improved their life greatly（许多贫困家庭得到了当地政府的有效帮助，生活水平大大提高。）. Many old houses are replaced by new tall buildings which are surrounded with green trees and colorful flowers. The rivers that were polluted seriously before are getting clearer and clearer. Besides, all kinds of fishes return to the rivers. The sky is filled with white and cleaner clouds.
Please come to visit my hometown in the near future（请在不久的将来来参观我的家乡。）.
假如你是李华，你的美国笔友 Jenny 正在做一份关于中国移动支付（mobile payment ）的问卷调查 （survey） ，你是她的重点采访对象． 内容包括：
参考词汇：微信：Wechat 支付宝：Alipay 二维码：QR code
注意：1. 词数 100 左右；2. 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯．
How is your survey on mobile payment going? I’m glad I can help with it（我很高兴能帮上忙。）.
It is generally believed that China is the largest mobile payment market. Nowhere else is the cashless trend more obvious than in China. Most of us are used to paying by scanning QR codes whatever we buy—books, clothes, and electronic devices, to name a few, which is a glimpse into the life of most Chinese like me and my family.
With the widespread use of（随着……的广泛使用） mobile payment, Wechat or Alipay is the most convenient and safest（最方便，最安全） way to pay. We rarely need to carry a wallet or cash at all. Besides, never will we worry about getting fake notes or having to count change. In short, mobile payment has greatly changed people’s life in China（总之，......已经极大地改变了中国人民的生活。）.
Personally, I think mobile payment should be encouraged. First, it has won over consumers with its convenience. Another advantage is that（另一个优势是......） there are often discounts if you make mobile payment, as major online payment platforms are competing to have more consumers use their service.
I hope my explanation can be of some help to you. Wish you good luck.
注意: 1. 词数不少于100字；2. 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。
参考词汇：沉溺于be/become addicted to 网瘾：Internet addiction
I am glad to hear from you. As your close friend, I’d like to talk about the harm of Internet addiction to you（作为你的好朋友，我想谈谈网瘾对你的危害） as I feel worried to know that you have wasted lots of valuable time playing the Internet games.
As we know, the Internet is a convenient tool to improve our knowledge and skills（正如我们所知，互联网是一个方便的工具来提高我们的知识和技能。）. However, our life will be greatly affected if we are addicted to it. For example, your grades may go down and your health will be going from bad to worse. To make things worse, it can also damage the relationship with your family. So I think it is high time that you got rid of the bad habit（所以我认为是时候你摆脱坏习惯了。）. It is a good idea for you to read some meaningful books and do some physical exercise（对你来说，读一些有意义的书和做一些体育锻炼是一个好主意。）.
I am looking forward to hearing your good news soon（我期待着尽快听到你的好消息）.
现在越来越多的人成为低头族（People who can’t help checking their phones all day are known as phubbers. Phubbing trends to involve not only the young people, but also the elderly.), 如何引导低头族抬头？你们班举行了以“拒为低头族”为主题的班会。假设你是学生李华，请为班会写一篇100词左右的发言稿。
Nowadays, we can see many people are watching their mobile phones in subway, restaurants, elevators, roads and so on. There is no denying that（不可否认......） people who like the mobile phone are concerned about its attractive functions. Phubbers can’t stop sending messages, surfing the Internet, listening to music and even taking photos by using the mobile phone. Moreover, some people have less time to relax themselves. They make use of the time when（他们利用......的时间） they are on the way to school or other places to play mobile games.
However, phubbing disturbs not only our study but also our life. On the one hand, phubbers waste lots of time playing cell phone games and sending messages, particularly in class. Other people also complain they are disturbed when phones ring in classrooms. On the other hand, it can lead to health problems. For instance, using a mobile phone on the sofa can cause back and neck pain.
As far as I am concerned, it is high time that we threw away the phone and raised our heads up. Do cherish everything around us and appreciate the scenery ahead of us. What’s more, we should do more exercises and take part in real-life activities（我们应该多做运动，参加现实生活中的活动。）. In a word, only when we use the phone reasonably, can we realize the happiness of life（总之，只有当我们合理地使用手机，我们才能实现生活的幸福。）.
How to reduce pressure from our study
We all know the old saying: “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.”（我们都知道这句老话:“只工作不玩耍，聪明的孩子也变傻。”） That’s why I’d like to share my opinions about how to reduce pressure from our study（这就是为什么我想分享关于如何减少学习压力的看法。）.
First, we need enough sleep at night because staying up too late is bad for our health. Second, we must take some sports as sports activities help build a strong body for us to face our daily study. In addition, we may have our parents plan an occasional short holiday since a holiday is a welcome relief from the pressure of work.
Only when we are healthy and energetic can we become prepared for any hard task in our schoolwork and get fruitful results（只有当我们健康和精力充沛的时候，我们才能为学校的任何艰巨任务做好准备，并取得丰硕的成果。）.
根据下面提示以Have a healthy lifestyle为题写一篇短文
参考词汇：心理健康 mental health
Have a healthy lifestyle
As we all know, health is very important. Only when we are healthy can we study well and enjoy life（众所周知，健康是非常重要的。只有当我们健康的时候，我们才能好好学习，享受生活。）.
However, many teenagers don’t pay any attention to their health, especially during the holiday. And they spend too much time watching TV, playing games and chatting on the Internet all night, which is bad for their health. First, this may make them get near-sighted. Besides, their bodies become much weaker. Thirdly, they will lose the chance to communicate with others face to face as they never go out, which may have a bad effect on their mental health.
In my opinion, they should spend less time in front of the TV or the computer（在我看来，他们应该少花时间在电视或电脑前。）. Go out to take some exercise, play some sports and visit some friends and have a healthy lifestyle.（出去锻炼，做运动，拜访朋友，拥有健康的生活方式。）
假设你是红里中学高三学生李华。你的英国好友Jim听说外卖点餐（ordering meals online）在中国很流行,发来邮件询问相关信息。请你给他回复邮件,内容包括:
You’re quite right about ordering meals online being popular in China, especially for people who are too busy (or just too lazy) to cook.
I often order food online when my parents are at work, or when my family wants to try something that tastes different. The best about it is that it’s convenient（最棒的是它很方便）. One just needs to place an order and pay for it online（你只需要在网上下单并付款就可以了）. Then, steaming-hot food arrives at your doorstep within an hour. Moreover, there are many choices. We can order and taste diverse cuisines from various restaurants. It has also created millions of jobs（它还创造了数百万个就业机会） and boosted the catering industry.
Does it sound attractive? We can give it a try when you come to China!
提示词：智能手机 smartphone，二维码 the QR code
I’m writing to tell you more about the new form of sharing bike—mobike mentioned in your latest letter.
It’s very convenient to use if you have a smartphone. What you do is （你要做的是......）to find a nearest mobike through the APP, scan the QR code on the bike, and enjoy your trip.
Compared to other forms of sharing bike, the greatest advantage of mobike is that（摩拜单车最大的优势是） you can easily find one and never worry about where to park it. It is becoming a new trend as a means of transportation, which relieves the traffic pressure and does good to the environment as well（它作为一种交通工具正在成为一种新的趋势，它减轻了交通压力，也有利于环境。）.
Hope to ride a mobike with you in China.